Her beauty has no imperfection; her history like no other. She is celebrated by artists and architects, championed by poets and admired by celebrities and heads of state.
Hialeah Park is eternal, magnificent and historic. It is the world’s most beautiful racetrack also holding the distinction of being an Audubon Bird Sanctuary and being listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Where does one begin when talking about Hialeah Park? Perhaps with the walking ring fashioned after Longchamp in Paris? The balustrades fashioned after the casinos in Monte Carlo? The statue of Citation executed in Florence, Italy, or the hundreds of flamingos in the infield?
Perhaps the horses - Seabiscuit, War Admiral, Forego, Nashau, Black Helen, Seattle Slew, Spectacular Bid, Northern Dancer? Or the owners, trainers and jockeys, who are recognized simply by their last names: Arcaro, Stephens, Luro, Jones, Hartack, Lukas.
Or maybe it’s with those who walked through Hialeah’s turnstiles over nearly 90 years: Churchill, Truman, Kennedy, Widener, Jolson, Crosby…
Hialeah is an institution, an encyclopedia not only encompassing thoroughbred racing but history in general. And it all started in 1920 when Missouri cattleman James Bright and aviation pioneer Glenn Curtis began to develop Hialeah by donating land for community use while helping to acquire funds for construction of public buildings, facilities, and, yes, a racetrack.
Thirteen miles were incorporated as a town in 1921. Bright and Curtis supplied water and electricity. In 1922, the first pari-mutuel greyhound track in America opened at Hialeah under the Miami Kennel Club. But in 1924, Bright, Curtis and financier Joseph Smoot established the Miami Jockey Club.
On Jan. 15 of 1925, Hialeah Park opened for thoroughbred racing. Not only did Hialeah include a one-mile dirt track, clubhouse, administration building and 21 stables, but nearby was a jai alai fronton (the first in the U.S.), a dance hall and roller coaster. Oh, and a snake catcher. Because Hialeah was on the edge of the Everglades, it wasn’t unheard of to catch a couple dozen snakes a day near the infield lake. So a snake catcher was hired full time, showing Bright and Curtis left nothing to chance.
The track suffered damages in the Great Hurricane of 1926, but it didn’t stop Joseph Widener from purchasing the track in 1930. Widener, the heir to a streetcar fortune and whose family had been involved in racing since 1890, and partner Col. Edward R. Bradley would invest millions in renovating the track.
Widener took architect Lester Geisler on a tour of tracks in Europe and North America to glean ideas on how to redesign Hialeah, and those ideas can still be seen today.
The tree-lined paths and sweeping staircases were designed after Ascot and Deauville. The lines of the administration building were taken from a chateau in France. The walking ring from Longchamp, the tunnel leading to the track from Epsom Downs and the terraces and balustrades from a casino the two visited in Monte Carlo.
On Jan. 14 of 1932, the new Hialeah opened to rave reviews. It wasn’t long after that Hialeah opened the first turf course in the U.S., and installed the first totalisator system. In 1934, Widener imported 20 flamingos from Cuba to reside in the infield lake. He’d import another 100 in 1947. By that time, Hialeah had more than 10,000 palm trees on her property and more than 100,000 small shrubs and plants.
Not only was Hialeah the world’s most beautiful racetrack, but it was becoming the place for the rich-and-famous to winter. Not only did the greatest horses come to Hialeah, but the greatest personalities.
Truman, Churchill, Kennedy and Nixon wheeled through the turnstiles and remarked on Hialeah’s incredible beauty. Joining them was Sinatra, Crosby, Jolson, Durante, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Glenn Ford, George Raft, Angie Dickinson, John Philip Sousa and Will Rogers. Amelia Earhart said her farewell to the continental U.S., from Hialeah before her ill-fated flight around the world in 1937.
Through the 1950s, 60s and 70s, a stop at Hialeah seemed a prerequisite for any horse or human seeking greatness on the track or a place in the National Museum of Racing. Trainer Woody Stephens was a fixture at ‘Barn M’ each winter for 50 years. Ben and Jimmy Jones began the careers of champions at Hialeah.
It was the perfect place to start a champion or stamp a horse as a great one. The list is endless of those great horses that trained and raced across Hialeah’s hallowed ground. Seabiscuit, Citation, Forego, Bold Ruler, Spectacular Bid, Gen. Duke, Northern Dancer, John Henry, "The track itself is very kind to horse’s legs", Jimmy Jones once said. "You could bring cripples here and get them sound."
Hialeah continued to grow and flourish throughout the 50s and 60s after Eugene Mori purchased the track. Mori had the brilliant Flamingo Fountain built and, in 1961, added the Flamingo Pavilion. He brought in an aviary, an aquarium and the Flamingo Terrace in ’64.
The buzz was never greater, however, than when the Citation statue was revealed in 1965. Executed in Florence, Italy by sculptor Thomas Famiglietti, the statue, still proud and glistening, is a 5,955-pound bronze statue mounted on a base of marble.
Only The Best At Hialeah Park.
The track exchanged hands again in 1974 when sportsman John Galbreath purchased the track. With the population of South Florida shifting north and with other pari-mutuels trying to wrest the mid-winter racing dates away from Hialeah, breeder and developer John Brunetti jumped up in 1977 to preserve the track and its history.
"This place is magnificent," said Brunetti at the time. "I was overcome with it".
So were filmmakers. In 1978, Oscar-nominated and Golden Globe-award winning film ‘The Champ’ was filmed at Hialeah. And in 1988, the movie ‘Let It Ride’ was filmed at the track.
Today, so many people continue to be overcome by Hialeah’s grace and beauty. Even when the track went dark for eight seasons, there was a constant flow of visitors. And when the gates were locked, some of those visitors simply climbed them for a sneak peak.
On Nov. 28 of 2009, Hialeah began yet another new era. She is still celebrated, still championed, and still eternal.
(Historical text from the official Hialeah Park website, located at www.hialeahparkracing.com)